Solar power is now readily available all over the USA as people use it to save money on their home energy bills and look for more Eco-friendly ways of doing things. Solar power can also be known as photovoltaic power (or PV power) and the compatible version of this for your home contains three main components. These are the solar panels, the solar racking systems and the inverter. The solar mounting systems act as a place to rest for the panels and therefore it is important that they sit in the right position. This will directly impact the amount of energy that you get so take your time to have them placed properly.
The solar panels, which are functional because the solar mounting systems hold them where they are supposed to be, are the piece of equipment in which the energy is made. When sunlight reaches the silicon panels, electrons are decompensated and thus an electric current is produced. This current is then utilized to and used to create the needed energy. There are usually four main kinds of solar panels that can be bought regularly and the most effective ones are the single crystal modules. If you’ve ever looked ay a satellite or spaceship the you may have seen these octagon-shaped modules and they have an efficiency rate of about 10-17%. The second most effective variety of solar panel that can be used on solar mounting systems is made of Poly/Multicrystalline. They are still very useful, with rates of 9-14%, and are often found on high-end homes that use solar power.
A kind of module known as ‘string ribbon’ is generally a lot cheaper than the aforementioned varieties but the efficiency levels are much lower at around 7-8%. Thin film modules have a thin layer of silicon on top of glass or metal. They are very cheap to make, but their efficiency is usually around 5% and they are what is often used on calculators for school kids.
Solar mounting systems are systems that make sure the solar panels are at an angle that optimizes the direct sunlight they receive, and as such optimize the energy they produce. Solar mounting systems can be complex (with computerized, automatic adjustments to maximize at every hour) to simple (a metal tray that holds the panels at the best angle on average). For simple mounting systems, as a rule of thumb you want your panels to be at an angle equal to your latitude in degree. So since New York is at 40 degrees latitude, you’d want your panels facing south at 40 degrees to optimize the sunlight you receive.
The inverter converts the current produced by your modules from direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC). AC is easier to transport over large distances using power lines than DC is. Because of this, the system was built to send and receive AC, and it’s what our household appliances are built to use. Solar modules produce DC, so an inverter is needed to change is to AC and make it useable.
If solar panels and solar mounting systems interest you, then research online or ask a local roofing expert.